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August 2017 cover


What's causing a big jump
in propane inventory?
Cost Management Solutions    
Cost Management Solutions


For the week ending Sept. 1, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reported a 6.346-million-barrel build in U.S. propane inventory.

Featured photo

The build took inventory to 79.899 million barrels, near its five-year average (see the chart above).

It was certainly a welcome development with inventory running about 24 million barrels below last year’s inventory level prior to the build. The build reduced the deficit to around 19 million barrels.

Most industry members realize the build was due to the impact of Hurricane Harvey. For that reason, propane traders have largely shrugged off the build and propane prices have remained on an upward trajectory even after the build was reported.

Leading up to the report, propane traders knew that propane export volumes were going to be very low, thus increasing the likelihood of a big inventory build. The data backed those expectations as propane exports dropped 416,000 barrels per day (bpd) to a meager 191,000 bpd.

Perhaps the bigger surprise was how much impact Harvey had on domestic demand. Again, there were expectations of a decline with many chemical operations down. EIA reported domestic demand was down 694,000 bpd. Petrochemicals used only 305,000 bpd nationwide during the month of July, making the falloff in demand an eye-opener. The demand drop was likely largely due to a lack of pipeline movements out of Mont Belvieu to delivery points east due to infrastructure issues. That caused the build in inventory, which, in turn, caused the implied domestic demand number to be so low.
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However, with Mont Belvieu operations affected to that degree, we were a little surprised to see propane production only drop 382,000 bpd to 1.497 million bpd.

The simple fact is that it is going to take several EIA reports before we know the true impact of Harvey. We would expect at least one more week with a hefty inventory build reported. After that, it will depend on how robust exports become. We expect that most of the ships that were delayed from Harvey will still pick up their loads, resulting in very heavy export volumes for a couple of weeks. We expect most of that activity to show up in data collected on Sept. 15.

We think the propane market’s muted response to this massive inventory build was the correct response. We would guard against knee-jerk reactions to data reported over the next two to three weeks at a minimum.

Overreaction to big inventory builds over the next two weeks could result in unloading supply positions that retailers wished they had back later. At this point, we suggest delaying decisions on unloading supply positions until closer to the end of the month, when the full impact of Harvey should be more clear. The controlled response to last week's inventory report makes that recommendation much easier to make.


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Cost Management Solutions LLC (CMS) is a firm dedicated to the analysis of the energy markets for the propane marketplace. Since we are not a supplier of propane, you can be assured our focus is to provide an unbiased analysis.

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